causes of nerve damage

Nerve damage can occur anywhere in the body. It disrupts signals between the brain and body and may cause loss of normal function. But peripheral nerves also have the power to regenerate and heal themselves. Read about common causes of nerve damage below.

Compression of the nerve


Nerves may be squeezed by surrounding tissues, which increases pressure on the nerve and may cause muscle weakness, a burning or tingling sensation, numbness, or pain.

learn about treatment options


Severed or transected nerves occur when the nerve and the fibers within it are cut, often occurring due to a traumatic event or surgery.

learn about treatment options

Stretching of the nerve


Nerves may be stretched to the point of injury to the nerve fibers; for example, this can occur to a baby’s shoulder area during childbirth as the baby exits the birth canal. This is called a brachial plexus injury, named after the nerves that control most of the movement and sensation of the arm.

learn about treatment options


Nerves may be injured by a degenerative disease or tumor.

learn about treatment options

Nerves can be burned


Nerves can be burned by many things, including fire or caustic chemicals.

learn about treatment options

your next steps

learn about surgical options

Download our patient guide to learn more about your surgical options.


connect with a nerve surgeon

Connect with a nerve surgeon to evaluate your options.

find a nerve surgeon